Overview: Cooking Gas in Kenya

LPG cooking gas
LPG is the most common cooking gas in Kenya. PHOTO/FILE
LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is the most common cooking gas in Kenyan urban areas mainly for economic reasons and convenience.

According to the 2010 Census of Kenya, less than 25 per cent of Kenyan urban households used LPG as cooking fuel in 2010, meaning over 75 per cent of households use kerosene, charcoal and firewood.

LPG gas, which consists of butane (80 per cent) and propane (20 per cent), is supplied in pressurised cylinders under all the major oil companies. The common cylinder capacities are 6kg, 13kg and 40/45 kg.

The average price of domestic gas in Kenya has risen to Sh200 per kg – a two year high following the introduction of VAT on the fuel.

READ: VAT inflates cooking gas prices in Kenya

The companies supplying LPG in Kenya’s gas exchange pool are: Total – TotalGaz; Shell – Afrigas; OiLibya – Mpishi; NOCK – Supa Gas; Kenol Kobil – K-gas; Hashi Energy – HashiGas and BOC – Handigas.

Others are Midland Energy – Midgas; Quality Gas – Q-gas; Fossil – Petgas; Pan African Petroleum – Pangas and Addax.

To be a member of the exchange pool one is required to possess a minimum of 5,000 LPG gas cylinders in Kenya before applying for licensing through the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC).

Unlicensed traders dealing in cooking gas are now fined up to Sh1 million up from Sh5,000 under new regulations contained in the Energy Bill 2014.

LPG cylinders use a common valve and consumers can exchange their empty cylinders for any brand of LPG available.